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P & ID thumbnail, click for bigger image.

In our undergraduate teaching laboratory in the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of Waterloo, we have a PIGNAT Pilot Distillation Plant (also known as distillation column), which is a pilot-scale distillation column with its design, control, and operation very similar to industrial distillation columns. We recommend checking the Piping and Instrumentation Diagram (P & ID) on the right side (click to enlarge).

In this Main Components section, you will learn about the general distillation column components and associated theories along with the specific design and control of these components based on the PIGNAT distillation column.

Each component page (located under Main Components menu) starts with two unnumbered images that are specific to that component:

  • Piping and Instrumentation Diagram (P&ID) showing the location of the component on the P&ID and
  • Detailed photo of the component as seen in the laboratory

The main components of a distillation column include:

  1. Reboiler
  2. Distillation Column
  3. Condenser
  4. Feed line
  5. Overhead
  6. Bottom
  7. Utilities

Upon completion of the main component pages, you will be able to:

  • Describe all the key equipment, operation, and safety of a distillation process.
  • Apply fundamental concepts to analyze distillation performance.
  • Design a distillation column for different binary systems using a simulation-based design approach.